As prescribed by Paulina Constancia
All week I featured classical cellists with traditional instruments, today in the last feature of this special series Cello con affetto, I bring you JUNK CELLOS and the people who made them (luthiers) and the musicians who play them (cellists).
1. Landfillharmonic: The Recycled Orchestra (Paraguay)
The Luthier : Nicolás “Cola” Gómez
Garbage picker & luthier of recycled instruments
Nicolás “Cola” Gómez:
Image & Info via landfillharmonicmovie
Nicolas, grew up in Emboscada, 50 Kilometers away from Asuncion. His father died when he was 7 years old and that’s when he had to start working to help his mom who was left with 9 children. After doing 30 years of hard labor work in construction, he decided to move to Cateura where he was lucky enough as he said, to start working as a trash collector & recycler. This gave him a daily steady income, he says “there would always be garbage and that means I will always have a job”. It is in Cateura where he meets Favio*. Together they start the construction of the recycled instruments.
*Favio Chávez: Teacher, Mentor and Director of The Recycled Orchestra of Cateura
It started with a violin. Then Favio and Cola started creating more instruments made out of recycled wooden pallets, paint cans, oil thin cans, forks and coins. Soon they would have enough instruments to form an Orchestra. The recycled instruments serve another, more practical purpose: The kids can safely carry them. “For many children, it was impossible to give them a violin to take home because they had nowhere to keep it and their parents were afraid they would be robbed or the instrument would be sold to buy drugs.” – FAVIO CHÁVEZ , via landfillharmonicmovie
Just to demonstrate how curious the components are of these cellos, check this out: Bebi’s cello is made with an oil can, wood that was thrown away in the garbage, pegs -made out of an old meat tenderizer tool and another part from a tool to make gnocchi. As for Hugo’s cello, the unique components are the steel brush and wooden spoon used as pegs.
Watch the teaser of the upcoming documentary film Landfillharmonic. Bebi is one of the young musicians featured.
A Little about the Documentary film Landifllharmonic
The world generates about a billion tons of garbage a year. Those who live with it and from it are the poor – like the people of Cateura, Paraguay. And here they are transforming it into beauty. Landfill Harmonic follows the Orchestra as it takes its inspiring spectacle of trash-into-music around the world. Follow the lives of a garbage picker, a music teacher and a group of children from a Paraguayan slum that out of necessity started creating instruments entirely out of garbage. Landfill Harmonic is a beautiful story about the transformative power of music, which also highlights two vital issues of our times: poverty and waste pollution. via landfillharmonicmovie
“The world sends us garbage, we send back music.” – Orchestra Director Favio Chavez, Landfill Harmonic
2. The Scrapheap Orchestra (UK)
The Luthiers: Benjamin Hebbert and Jon Privett
Ben and Jon made five stringed musical instruments from scrap metal, wood and string as part of a BBC Four TV documentary ‘Scrapheap Orchestra’ which was shown on BBC Four in December 2011.via West Dean College, UK
The documentary made by Love Productions is hosted by Charles Hazelwood, inspirational conductor of the BBC concert orchestra and follows the process as musical instrument makers from around the country rise to the challenge of creating an entire orchestra from scrap materials. (The journey culminates in a performance at the Royal Albert Hall in July (2012) of a specially arranged version of Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture)
Ben and Jon made two double basses and three cellos. The bizarre mix of materials used included a bath tub, a filing cabinet, the bonnet of a Jaguar and oil tank of a Land Rover, old newspapers, bits of string, a sailing mast and scrap wood. Ben and Jon’s visit to G&R Harris car salvage near Chichester resulted in a good haul of car parts and scrap, including the bonnet of the jaguar. So intrigued were the team there, that they donated all the metal to the project. Broken masts were made available by Hayling Island Sailing Club. Ben and Jon’s visit to G&R Harris car salvage near Chichester resulted in a good haul of car parts and scrap, including the bonnet of the jaguar. So intrigued were the team there, that they donated all the metal to the project. Broken masts were made available by Hayling Island Sailing Club. Benjamin Hebbert said “the project was an amazing opportunity to turn instrument making on its head and see what would come out of it. The instruments, orchestra, and audience were amazing and we received huge applause at the Royal Albert Hall. via West Dean College, UK
Read the CALL for luthiers for this BBC documentary project
The challenge was seemingly impossible. No instrument could be the same as there would not be enough junk; but some did work. One cello was made out of a Land Rover fuel tank, which on first rehearsal “sounded like a hornet trapped in a jam jar”, maker Ben Hebbert explained. “But we cut bits away and adjusted. It’s ended up as a beautifully playable instrument,” he added, although bowing it does not create the ideal sound. via music room
Watch a preview of this BBC documentary of The Scrapheap Orchestra on The Telegraph Watch this video and learn more about the making of The Scrapheap Orchestra
3. JUNK! The Musical by Paul Snider (Canada)
Luthier: Paul Snider
Paul Snider is an actor / musician / song-writer. After graduating with a Joint Honours Music and Computer Science degree from the University of Waterloo, he wrote software for computer companies while pursuing his performance career in theatre. In 1997 he moved to Vancouver with a software start-up company and helped build it to one of the fastest growing technology companies in BC, being named one of “Business In Vancouver’s Top 40 Under 40”. In 2009 he departed the software industry completely to work fulltime on his entertainment company Born To Fly Productions Inc.
Read more on JUNK!
…Paul experimented with creating music from different sounds when he produced a rendition of ‘O Canada’ using only Canadian animal sounds during the Vancouver 2010 Olympics, and later produced a unique music video using only sounds he recorded on a backpacking trip through Eastern Europe. Junk! is a continuation of this concept, on a larger scale.Paul shares the process of making the cello or “tin cello”
The cello, or the ‘Tincello’, uses an old tin garbage can (donated kindly from the Dunbar Haunted House!) as the resonator, which seems to work quite well. Hard PVC tubing is the neck, and a computer circuit board, the first board I ever bought (circa 1989!) is the peg box. A tie helps to hold the strings in place, with support wiring underneath. The sound is pretty good, resonating in the tin of the can, but we’ll see if it is playable once I find an actual cello player! via the musicofjunk
Watch this promotional video of JUNK!
To have a closer look at the JUNK! Tincello, watch this rehearsal video
‘Junk!’ is a new musical with an original score played on original instruments made from junk. Follow the cast in their musical escapades through a junkyard: a wheel barrow bass, a garbage can cello, hub caps, PVC tubing, mousetraps and more junk all add to the originality of this orchestra of the imagination. JUNK! The Musical debuts at Vancouver’s Fringe Festival at the Firehall Arts Centre, September 4 – 14, 2014.
4. DISARM -‘Weapons for change’ (Mexico)
Luthier: Pedro Reyes
“From the 6,700 destroyed weapons he received from the Mexican Secretary of Defense, Reyes created two groups of instruments which will be exhibited together for the first time at Lisson Gallery. The first, a series titled Imagine, is an orchestra of fifty instruments, from flutes to string and percussion instruments, designed to be played live. The second, Disarm, is a never-before-exhibited installation of mechanical musical instruments, which can either be automated or played live by an individual operator using a laptop computer or midi keyboard.” via Lisson Gallery
As Reyes explained, transforming the shape of the guns was not the full extent of the project. Many of those weapons had taken life or had been used for other evil deeds. Melting, shaping, and twisting them into something which could create beautiful music was “a sort of exorcism”, and “the music expelled the demons they held, as well as being a requiem for lives lost.” via flippies
Just so you understand the picture of violence in the Mexican city of Juarez (across from El Paso, Texas):
Juarez, a city of about 1.3 million people that averaged about 10 killings a day at the height of the violence. In 2010, Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas. Juarez had a murder rate about 230 per 100,000 inhabitants. The nationwide rate for the U.S. that year was 4.8. via Huffington Post
Pedro’s instruments are not made for individual musicians, thus there are no cellists directly associated with his weapons-turned-cellos. Here is an image I screen-grabbed from his interview on Momentum, showing a group of musicians making beautiful music using Pedro’s masterpieces. Watch their performance here
Watch this video to learn more about Pedro Reyes’ DISARM instruments and project
“A weapon kills people and makes people in cities dominated by fear;
but if you turn it into an instrument, it’s like social gold.
It brings people together and you build trust.”
– Pedro Reyes
“It occurred to me to make musical instruments, because music is the opposite of weapons.
This exercise of transformation we see with the guns, is what we would like to see in society.”
– Pedro Reyes