A Toast to Friends
Welcome to another Food Day on Daily Dose of Art! I hope you have enjoyed this week’s feature on Tokens of Friendship. And to those of you who are in the USA and India – Happy Friendship Day! Today I bring you a practice that is closely related to dining and celebrating with the closest of friends. The TOAST!
Origins of the Toast
Ironically, the cheerful clinking of a friend’s glass before drinking evolved from one of the darker practices of the distant past. The custom dates back to the Middle Ages, when people were so distrustful of one another that they weren’t above poisoning anyone they perceived as an enemy. As a safeguard, drinkers first poured a bit of wine into each other’s glass, acting as mutual “tasters.” Trustworthy friends, however, soon dispensed with the tastings and merely clinked their glasses instead.This custom is said by some to explain why “to your health” is the most common toast worldwide. Some other historians hold that clinking glasses provided the noise that would keep evil spirits at bay.
And the word “toast”? In the ale houses of Elizabethan England, a bit of spiced toast was usually put in the bottom of a cup of ale or wine to flavor it, and possibly to soak up the dregs. In time, any male or female whose qualities or accomplishments were frequently honored with a group drink came to be called “toasts” (hence the phrase “toast of the town”). One story-attributed, in a 1706 edition of The Tatler, to “many Wits of the last Age”-claimed that “toast” was first used in this manner during the reign of Charles II (1660-1684). That label, it was said, was bestowed on a well-known belle from the town of Bath. As the beauty luxuriated in the healthful waters of the public baths, an admiring gentleman scooped a little bath water into a cup, added the customary piece of toast, and raised the cupful of water to her before drinking it.
The word “toast” as used today-“a sentiment expressed just before drinking to someone”-did not begin to gain currency until the early 1700S.
Here’s a list of how to toast in 50 languages:Info SourceAfrikaans : Gesondheid! : (Ge-sund-hide)Albanian : Gëzuar! : (Géschuar)Arabic (Egyptian) : (Fee-sa-ha-tak)Armenian : Armenia : (Gen-ots-it)Azerbaijani : Afiyët oslun! : (Afeeyet Ohs-lun)Basque : On egin! : (On egín)Bosnian : Živjeli! : (Zhee-vi-lee)Bulgarian : (NAZ-dra-vey)Chinese (Mandarin) : (Gan BAY)Chinese : (Cantonese) : (Gom bui)Czech : Na zdravi : (NAZ-drah vi)Croatian : Živjeli! : (ZHEE-vi-lee)Danish : Skål! : (Skol)Dutch : Prosit! : (Prowst)Esperanto : Je via sano! Toston! : (YEH VEE-ah SAH-no/Tóston)Estonian : Terviseks! : (Ter-vi-seks)Ethiopian (Amharic) : Letenachin : (L’-TAY-nah-chin)Farsi : (Ba-sal-a-ma-TEE)Finnish : Kippis! : (KEEP-us)French : A Votre Sante! : (Ah Vot-ruh Sahn-tay)Gaelic (Irish) : Sláinte! : (Slawn-che)German : Prost! : (Prohst)Greek : (Stin Eyiassou/Stin Eye-ee-yass-ooh)Hawaiian : Okole Maluna! : (Å’kålè ma’luna)Hebrew : L’Chaim! : (Le Chy-em)Hungarian : Egeszsegere! : (Egg-esh Ay-ged-reh)Italian : Salute! : Cin cin! (Salu-tay/Chin Chin)Japanese : Kampai! : (Kam-pie)Korean : (Chukbae) Latvian : Prieka! : (Pree-eh-ka)Lithuanian i : sveikata! : (Ee sweh-kata)Luxembourgish : Prost! : (Prohst)Maltese : Evviva! : (A-vee-va)Mongolian : (Erüül mehdiin tölöö)Norwegian : Skål! : (Skoal)Persian : (beh salamati)Phillipines: Mabuhay (Ma-boo-hey)Polish Na : zdrowie! : (Naz-droh-vee-ay)Portuguese : Saúde! : (Sow-ooh-jee)Romanian : Noroc! : (No-roak)Russian : Boo-dem Zdo-ro-vee-eh)Serbian : Ziveli! : (ZHEE-vi-lee)Slovak : Na zdravie! : (Naz-drah-vee-ay)Spanish : ¡Salud!/Salut! : (Sah-lud/Sah-lute)Swedish : Skål! : (Skol)Thai : (Chuc-dee)Turkish : (Sher-i-feh)Vietnamese : (chook-sa-koi-ah)Yiddish : Zei Gazunt! : (Zye GAH-zoont)Zulu : Oogy wawa! : (oogee-wawa)